Civil Service Commission (CSC) – Hears and decides appeals of certain state and municipal service employees and candidates seeking public employment under the protection of civil service laws. Center for Health Information and Analysis (CHIA) – Monitors the Massachusetts health care system and provides reliable and meaningful information for those seeking to improve health care quality, affordability, access, and outcomes. Bureau of Special Investigations (BSI) – Investigates complaints of fraudulent claims or wrongful receipt of payment or services from public assistance programs. Boston Municipal Court Department – Controls criminal jurisdiction of the Boston Municipal Court that includes most criminal offenses which do not require the imposition of a state prison sentence. The Court also has jurisdiction for review of some government agency actions, such as unemployment compensation appeals and firearms license appeals. Board of Registration in Veterinary Medicine – Protects the public by monitoring the practices of the veterinarians it licenses to ensure that they practice according to the laws of Massachusetts and the board’s established standards and code of conduct.

How do you spell organisation UK?

  1. In US English, 'organization' is the only accepted spelling.
  2. In UK English, 'organisation' is standard (though 'organization' is still acceptable).

Massachusetts Export Center – Helps companies throughout the Commonwealth achieve success in global markets, thereby contributing to economic growth in the state. Meets the complex needs of exporters by developing and providing targeted, high-impact services delivered through a statewide network of international trade professionals. Massachusetts Commission for the Deaf and Hard of Hearing (MCDHH) –  Provides accessible communication, education, and advocacy to consumers and private and public entities so that programs, services, and opportunities throughout Massachusetts are fully accessible to persons who are deaf and hard of hearing. The mission of the United Nations Office for Project Services is to help people build better lives and help countries achieve peace and sustainable development.

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To get the full feature set on private repositories and additional features at the organization level, including SAML single sign-on and improved support coverage, you can upgrade to GitHub Team or GitHub Enterprise Cloud. Organizations are shared accounts where businesses and open-source projects can collaborate across many projects at once, with sophisticated security and administrative features. Depending on the type of organization, senior managers and executives are also able to establish their roles. They can determine whether they need to actively support their employees or simply assign tasks and await results. If a company isn’t well organized, the employees won’t know which tasks to perform or who to report to. Defining the organizational structure makes the company objectives clear to every stakeholder.

  • The Exempt Organizations Business Master File Extract has information about organizations that have received a determination of tax-exempt status from IRS.
  • Aeronautics Division – Oversees airport development and improvements, aviation safety, aircraft accident investigation, navigational aids, and statewide aviation planning over the Commonwealth’s public use airports, private use landing areas, and seaplane bases.
  • Board of Registration in Veterinary Medicine – Protects the public by monitoring the practices of the veterinarians it licenses to ensure that they practice according to the laws of Massachusetts and the board’s established standards and code of conduct.
  • Board of Registration of Funeral Directors and Embalmers – Oversees the licensing of the funeral services professionals and their apprentices through examination.
  • The Twitter Verified Organization portal lets organizations add and remove affiliated accounts and provides immediate verification status to anyone in their network who accepts their invitation to affiliate.
  • Department of Children and Families (DCF) – Protects children from abuse and neglect, strengthens families, and ensures children are able to grow and thrive in a safe and nurturing environment.

Although nascent international organizations were formed by Greek city-states and were envisioned by European writers such as Pierre Dubois (c. 1250–c. 1320) and Émeric Crucé (c. 1590–1648), they did not appear in their contemporary form until the 19th century. Following the French Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars of the late 18th and early 19th centuries, leaders of the major European powers met periodically, in a system of consultation known as the Concert of Europe, to attempt to preserve the status quo and to protect their governments from internal rebellion. Later in the 19th century, various international organizations, such as the International Telegraph Union (1865; now the International Telecommunication Union), were established to provide specialized services and to perform specific tasks.

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In a tall hierarchical structure, the managers and executives determine the most crucial objectives that need to be met first. The heads of departments can then determine how to allocate different resources and the specific tasks to designate first. Another factor that comes into play when determining the type of organization is the external business environment. A dynamic business setting where the consumers’ needs change constantly requires a stable and sound organizational structure that can weather the storm of a rapidly-changing marketplace.


This article on the different types of organizations explores the various categories that organizational structures can fall into. Organizational structures can be tall, meaning that there are multiple tiers between the entry-level workers and top managers of the company. They can also be fairly flat, which means that there are very few levels between employees and management. Office for Refugees and Immigrants (ORI) – Administers the federally funded refugee resettlement program, which includes refugee cash and medical assistance, employment services, English language proficiency classes, foster care for unaccompanied minors, and social adjustment services.

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While individuals may hold an expertise, hierarchy and job titles are not stressed among general employees, senior managers, and executives. One hierarchy is “functional” and assures that each type of expert in the organization is well-trained, and measured by a boss who is a super-expert in the same field. The other direction is “executive” and tries to get projects completed using the experts. Treasurer and Receiver General – Manages unclaimed property, State Board of Retirement, Commonwealth’s daily cash flows, veterans’ bonuses, state lottery, Alcoholic Beverages Control Commission, and other affiliated state programs. Superior Court Department – Obtains original jurisdiction in civil actions over $25,000, and in matters where equitable relief is sought. It also has original jurisdiction in actions involving labor disputes where injunctive relief is sought, and has exclusive authority to convene medical malpractice tribunals.

  • The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) established in 1972, is the voice for the environment within the United Nations system.
  • Department of Transitional Assistance (DTA) – Assists and empower low-income individuals and families to meet their basic needs, achieve long-term economic self-sufficiency, and improve their quality of life.
  • Has information on elections and voting, doing business in Massachusetts, historical research, public records, registry of deeds, and other general information.
  • Nantucket Planning & Economic Development Commission (NP&EDC) – Plans for the orderly and coordinated development and protection of the physical, social, and economic resources of the Island of Nantucket.
  • Division of Occupational Licensure (DOL) – Licenses and regulates more than 387,000 individuals and businesses to practice 50 trades and professions in Massachusetts.

Massachusetts Office on Disability (MOD) – Ensures the full and equal participation of all people with disabilities in all aspects of life by working to advance legal rights, maximum opportunities, supportive services, accommodations, and accessibility in a manner that fosters dignity and self-determination. Massachusetts Environmental Trust (MET) – Supports innovative approaches to protect and restore natural resources by awarding grants to that protect and enhance the Commonwealth’s water resources and natural environments. Massachusetts Clean Water Trust (MCWT) – Improves water quality throughout the Commonwealth by providing low-interest loans to municipalities and other eligible entities and helps develop and finance water infrastructure projects serving 97% of Massachusetts citizens.

There are a variety of legal types of organizations, including corporations, governments, non-governmental organizations, political organizations, international organizations, armed forces, charities, not-for-profit corporations, partnerships, cooperatives, and educational institutions, etc. This list is composed of organizations and agencies whose materials appear on MedlinePlus health topic pages. These organizations include NIH Institutes, Centers and Offices; other U.S. federal government agencies; and selected non-government organizations. Veterans’ Home in Holyoke – Provides the highest quality of personal health care services to veterans of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Veterans’ Home in Chelsea – Provides the highest quality of personal health care services to veterans of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. This includes savings accounts, checking accounts, unpaid wages or commissions, stocks, underlying shares, uncashed dividends, customer deposits or overpayments, certificates of deposit, credit balances, refunds, money orders, paid-up life insurance policies, safe deposit boxes, and uncashed benefit checks.

  • Immunization and disease prevention are among UNICEF’s initiatives, as are HIV treatment for children and women, improving childhood and maternal nutrition, increasing sanitation, promoting education, and providing emergency relief in disasters.
  • Board of Registration in Allied Mental Health and Human Services Professions – Licenses candidates who meet the statutory and regulatory requirements developed for rehabilitation counselors, mental health counselors, marriage and family therapists, behavior analysts, and educational psychologists.
  • It’s services encompass education, health care, relief and social services, camp infrastructure and improvement, microfinance and emergency assistance, including in times of armed conflict.
  • The New Development Bank (NDB), originally known as the BRICS Development Bank, is a global development bank founded by the BRICS countries (Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa).
  • Operational Services Division (OSD) – Administers the procurement process by establishing statewide contracts for goods and services that ensure best value, provide customer satisfaction, and support the socioeconomic and environmental goals of the Commonwealth, and by providing specific operational services.
  • These various meetings and agreements served as precursors to the international organizations of the 20th century, such as the League of Nations and the United Nations (UN).
  • Essex County Sheriff’s Department – Protects residents from criminal offenders and provides public safety services and programs to the citizens of Essex County.